Member of the Council
President of the Russian Union of Undustrialists and Enterpreneurs
1974 – Graduated from the Faculty of Economics of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Doctor of Sciences in Economics, Professor.
Member of the Board of Trustees of the Russian International Affairs Council.
Chairman of the Expert Council at the Federal Commission for Securities Market of the Russian Federation.
President of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics (HSE).
1991-1994 – Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Minister of Labour, Minister of Economics, Chairman of the Russian Agency for International Cooperation and Development.
1996-1997 – First Deputy Speaker of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
1998 – Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.